Project 3: Re-Thinking Photojournalism 1: The Citizen Journalist

Introduction

It is hoped that official journalists will still be required to record events such as press conferences etc. but the pictures which hit the headlines today are often from the most savvy passer-by who happens to be in the right place at the right time.

To record this phenomenon, Simon Roberts created a series entitled “The Last Moment” (2011 – 2014) to illustrate how people use their camera phones to record newsworthy events. He scans photographs from the broadsheets to reveal the halftone patina of the analogue reproduction. He then creates an opaque mask and deletes portions of the image to reveal the individual cameras which are snapping the event. The final picture is not of the event but of the people snapping. “circles of various sizes that float free in semi-transparent skies” A sort of tribute.

He points out that “The Decisive Moment” and the “Kodak Moment” are now historical. Like the previous work we have done on this module, it is no longer the single picture but a more complex map of pictures which defines the moment.

The idea of translucence  (link 3) , especially as it relates to optics and lenses, is central to the work. Roberts masks off the background using a white layer to create a ghostly veneer – a negative space – patterned by different constellations of artificial disembodied “eyes” each one a self contained world. Translucidity is not only a visual aesthetic running through “The Last Moment” but a metaphor for the various ways a camera functions and is used in today’s global society.

Alexander Chadwick

Alexander Chadwick’s screen grab of the London Tube passengers walking through the underground tunnel on 7/7 is an historic moment in citizen photojournalism. The picture is blurry and impressionistic which is now regarded as a bonus in these days of the plasticity of the digital image.

If you want to get good action shots, they mustn’t be in focus. If your hand trembles a little, then you get a fine action shot” (Robert Capa).

Apart from anything else the poor technical quality of a user generated content (UGC) image will restore confidence in the authenticity of the photograph. However this effect will probably be short lived as it is just as easy to modify the content of a poor quality image.

In the long term the question on so many people’s lips is whether the citizen photojournalist while photographing suffering and humiliation “I’m just doing what anybody would do!” will confirm an increasing acceptability of recording such events or whether it will destroy society’s relationship to the photographic image more broadly.

Blurring Boundaries – Stuart Allan (From course set book – Martin Lister (2013): The Photographic Image in Digital Culture)

Is Photojournalism dying?

Is the press dying? The press is dying because it is more interested in frivolity.

After 7/7 the press had to start brushing up their ideas. The most important requirement was to try to maintain authenticity of their own work but also to accept that the citizen journalist was here to stay. At this point Yahoo and Reuters advertised in the New York Times for “people with camera phones”  to work for them. A paradigm shift appeared to be underway.

The argument against using citizens as journalists was that all people are incorrigible sensationalists and that a balanced view is what is needed but there is no doubt that the material which these people are providing is being widely used, still more and more as each year goes by. This argument was made in 2007 and it is now ten years on.

A new role for the journalist / editor started to evolve. It was very important and particularly involved a curatorial role. In this way all photojournalists can work together to produce a better world. “The whole is greater than the sum of the parts” but newspapers and their editors are still wary of the pitfalls of citizen photojournalism.

Having read this passage I believe that the detail is of a repetitive nature and, quite frankly there was not much more in it that was not in the synopsis in the course notes.

Link 4 – 2012 Denver Cinema Shootings

Jose Navarro’s post in 2012 of you tube footage of the shootings in a cinema in Denver shows very poor quality film. Jose is trying to say that it is a disgrace to sensationalise the incident and: “Who on earth would photograph  the incident in the first place”.

We are so desensitised to this sort of occurrence now that we take it all in our stride and are not particularly shocked as he was.

What is going on at the moment with Donald Trump in America, the cruelty and the prejudices are much worse. They still have a strong effect on the majority (I hope).

Link 5 – The 7/7 bombings and citizen journalism

More substantiation of the significance of citizen journalism and the phone camera. Another article which repeats itself on the same subject.

 

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